Gonorrhoea has been in the news recently because of its growing resistants to antibiotics, further highlighting the growing threat superbugs pose to humanity.
Studies recently released by the World Health Organisation (WHO) have suggested that oral sex is responsible for gonorrhoea’s increasing resistance to antibiotics. When Gonorrhoea arrives in the throat it becomes much harder to detect with 90% of cases showing no symptoms. When it goes undetected, it mixes with the bacteria in the throat, allowing it to pick up resistance to any antibiotics used to fight throat infections.
“The throat infections act as a silent reservoir,” Dr Emilie Alirol, head of the sexually transmitted infections program at the Global Antibiotics Research and Development Partnership in Geneva, told the New York Times. “Transmission is very efficient from someone who has gonorrhoea in their throat to their partner via oral sex.”
Luckily, researchers have been discovering new antibiotics, tough enough to take on super resistant gonorrhoea. Although we are only at the start of its drug development, it’s been reported to kill 146 out of 149 samples of drug resistant gonorrhoea it has been tested on.
The results of our initial laboratory studies show that closthioamide has the potential to combat N. gonorrhoea,” explains lead author Victoria Miari in a statement. “Further research is needed, but its potential to successfully tackle this infection, as well as other bacteria, cannot be underestimated.”
Antibiotic resistance is a threat to human existence and the World Health Organization has called antibiotic resistance one of the “biggest threats to global health”
“Antibiotic resistance, combined with the reduction of drug development, is one of the biggest health issues facing the world today,” says Miari. “The problem threatens to render many human and animal infections untreatable, including gonorrhoea.”
Globally we are crying out for more drug development and resources to be spent on keeping up with bacteria’s growing resistance to antibiotics.