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|Introduction||The Sigma-1 Receptor (σ1R, gene name SIGMAR1) is a receptor found in the endoplasmic reticulum, cell membrane, and nuclear membrane. At time of writing, no natural ligand for σ1R has yet been found; synthetic ligands include citalopram, dimethyltryptamine, and dextromethorphan. Despite being very highly-conserved in multiple mammalian species, no other proteins analogous to σ1R have yet been identified in the human genome. Knockout of SIGMAR1 causes cell death, while overexpression has been observed in some patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS).|
|Target||Sigma Non-Opioid Intracellular Receptor 1 (SIGMAR1)|
|Recommended dilutions||Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.|
|Storage||Shipped at 4 °C. Upon receipt, store the kit according to the storage instruction in the kit's manual.|
|Validity||The validity for this kit is 6 months.|
|Stability||The stability of the kit is determined by the rate of activity loss. The loss rate is less than 5% within the expiration date under appropriate storage conditions. To minimize performance fluctuations, operation procedures and lab conditions should be strictly controlled. It is also strongly suggested that the whole assay is performed by the same user throughout.|
|UniProt Primary AC||Q9R0C9 (UniProt, ExPASy)|
|UniProt Secondary AC||Q9R1J7, Q9Z2W2|
|UniProt Entry Name||SGMR1_RAT|
|Test Range||0.625 ng/ml - 40 ng/ml|
|Sensitivity||< 0.28 ng/ml|
|Sample Type||Serum, plasma, tissue homogenates, cell culture supernatants and other biological fluids.|
|Assay Principle||This kit is based on sandwich enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent assay technology. An antibody is pre-coated onto a 96-well plate. Standards, test samples, and biotin-conjugated reagent are added to the wells and incubated. The HRP-conjugated reagent is then added, and the whole plate is incubated. Unbound conjugates are removed using wash buffer at each stage. TMB substrate is used to quantify the HRP enzymatic reaction. After TMB substrate is added, only wells that contain sufficient SIGMAR1 will produce a blue coloured product, which then changes to yellow after adding the acidic stop solution. The intensity of the yellow colour is proportional to the SIGMAR1 amount bound on the plate. The Optical Density (OD) is measured spectrophotometrically at 450 nm in a microplate reader, from which the concentration of SIGMAR1 can be calculated.|
|Kit Components||The kit components listed are for reference only. The product manual may differ slightly. The product should be used as stated on the product manual included and delivered together with the product.
|Material Required But Not Provided||
|Reagent Preparation||This procedure is provided for reference only. The product manual may differ slightly. The product should be used as stated on the product manual included and delivered together with the product.
|Assay Procedure||This procedure is provided for reference only. The product manual may differ slightly. The product should be used as stated on the product manual included and delivered together with the product.
|Protocol||This procedure is provided for reference only. The product manual may differ slightly. The product should be used as stated on the product manual included and delivered together with the product.
|Results Calculation||For calculation, average the O.D.450 duplicate readings for each reference standard and each sample and substract the average control (zero) O.D.450 reading. The standard curve can be plotted as the relative O.D.450 of each reference standard solution (Y) vs. the respective concentration of each standard solution (X). The SIGMAR1 concentration of the samples can be interpolated from the standard curve.|
|Availability||Shipped within 5-15 working days.|
|Note||This product is for research use only. The range and sensitivity is subject to change. Please contact us for the latest product information. For accurate results, sample concentrations must be diluted to mid-range of the kit. If you require a specific range, please contact us in advance or write your request in your order comments. Please note that our ELISA and CLIA kits are optimised for detection of native samples, rather than recombinant proteins. We are unable to guarantee detection of recombinant proteins, as they may have different sequences or tertiary structures to the native protein.|